Science topic

Climate Change - Science topic

Any significant change in measures of climate (such as temperature, precipitation, or wind) lasting for an extended period (decades or longer). It may result from natural factors such as changes in the sun's intensity, natural processes within the climate system such as changes in ocean circulation, or human activities.
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Publications related to Climate Change (10,000)
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Article
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Cities are not only major contributors to global climate change but also stand at the forefront of climate change impact. Quantifying and assessing the risk potentially induced by climate change has great significance for cities to undertake positive climate adaptation and risk prevention. However, most of the previous studies focus on global, nati...
Poster
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Dear Colleagues, Please consider submitting your paper to MDPI-Water Special Issue: Hydrological Extremes in a Warming Climate: Nonstationarity, Uncertainties and Impacts This special issue will provide a platform for research that will assess the impacts of historical and projected climate change on hydrologic extremes. We seek both application...
Chapter
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Statistical bias correction of climate models’ outputs is being increasingly used in the recent decade for assessing the impact of climate change on several sectors. In this study, output from simulations for the present-day (1961–1990) climate, as well as for the near future scenario (2021–2050), performed with ALADIN-Climate in the frame of the C...
Article
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Multiple soil moisture (SM) products have been produced based on observations from microwave satellite sensors nowadays, allowing for the acquisition of global SM dynamics in a timely manner. Currently, only two blended microwave SM products, namely the Climate Change Initiative (CCI) from the European Space Agency and the Soil Moisture Operational...
Experiment Findings
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A restoration programme by the South African government (Natural Resource Management, NRM) uses soft options for soil erosion control and this study tested their efficacy and social impact. This study demonstrated low-technology, low-cost erosion control approaches (gabions and micro-catchments) approximately double sediment capture and soil water...
Article
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The coronavirus pandemic provides opportunities for a new kind of a glocalization, in which people live far more local lives than in recent decades but with greater global awareness through a connective world brain. The neoliberal version of globalization has spurred environmental devastation, economic inequality, and excessive global travel. A new...
Article
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During our soil-specific drought sensitivity research, an aim of ours was to ascertain how drought, a stress factor caused by the lack of precipitation, affects soil fertility. We used the five-year-long (1985–1989) soil and corn yield data of the National Pedological and Crop Production Database (NPCPD). We assigned the annual Pálfai Drought Index...
Article
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Humans routinely engage in many distinct interactions in parallel. Team members collaborate on several concurrent projects, and even whole nations interact with each other across a variety of issues, including trade, climate change and security. Yet the existing theory of direct reciprocity studies isolated repeated games. Such models cannot accoun...
Article
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Accurate projections of climate change impacts on the vast carbon stores of northern peatlands require detailed knowledge of ecosystem respiration (ER) and its heterotrophic (Rh) and autotrophic (Ra) components. Currently, however, standard flux measurement techniques, i.e. eddy covariance and manual chambers, generate empirical ER data during only...
Article
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Off-equatorial wind anomalies on seasonal timescales from both the North and South Pacific, known as “precursors” of the El Ni?o Southern Oscillation (ENSO), have been shown to independently trigger the ENSO feedbacks in the tropics and its teleconnections to the extra-tropics. However, the impacts of ENSO precursors on Tropical Pacific Decadal-sca...
Article
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Background: Forests are an important component of the global carbon balance, and climate sensitive growth and yield models are an essential tool when predicting future forest conditions. In this study, we used the dynamic climate capability of the Forest Vegetation Simulator (FVS) to simulate future (100 year) forest conditions on four National Fo...
Article
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Abstract Background The accuracy in estimating forest ecosystem carbon storage has drawn extensive attention of researchers in the field of global climate change. However, incomparable data sources and various estimation methods have led to significant differences in the estimation of forest carbon storage at large scales. Methods In this study, we...
Article
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Climate change is impacting ecosystems worldwide. Estuaries are diverse and important aquatic ecosystems; and yet until now we have lacked information on the response of estuaries to climate change. Here we present data from a twelve-year monitoring program, involving 6200 observations of 166 estuaries along >1100 kilometres of the Australian coast...
Article
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Jazmurian playa was an ephemeral lake with a large catchment in southeast Iran, which dried up over the last 10 years as a result of prolonged drought. As the lake was recipient of incoming industrial water with trace metals deposited to the sediment, the dust is the cause of environmental concern of the region and requires evaluation and better ma...
Article
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Abstract The GCOM-C (SHIKISAI) satellite was developed to understand the mechanisms of global climate change. The second-generation global imager (SGLI) onboard GCOM-C is an optical sensor observing wavelengths from 380 nm to 12.0 μm in 19 bands. One of the notable features is that the resolution of the 1.63, 10.8, and 12.0 μm bands is 250 m, with...
Preprint
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This study presents the insightful and comprehensive empirical evidence on impact of income and institutional governance on climate change, based on panel data of 203 countries for time series of 1996 to 2017. We have divided the countries into sub-samples of 34 low income, 101 middle income and 68 high income countries by following the World Bank...
Article
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Abstract Biophilic urbanism is bringing new perspectives to how natural systems need to be integrated into the fabric of cities. This paper shows how biophilic streets can be the front door to biophilic urbanism by integrating nature into a new street design, benefiting a range of economic, environmental and social functions. A theoretical integrat...
Article
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Sector coupling (SC) describes the concept of a purposeful connection and interaction of energy sectors to increase the flexibility of supply, demand, and storing. While SC is linked to research on smart energy system and locates itself in the research stream of 100% renewable energy systems, it currently focusses on counteracting challenges of tem...
Article
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Knowledge of global patterns of biodiversity, ranging from intraspecific genetic diversity (GD) to taxonomic and phylogenetic diversity, is essential for identifying and conserving the processes that shape the distribution of life. Yet, global patterns of GD and its drivers remain elusive. Here we assess existing biodiversity theories to explain an...
Article
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Abstract Background Global warming has brought many negative impacts on terrestrial ecosystems, which makes the vulnerability of ecosystems one of the hot issues in current ecological research. Here, we proposed an assessment method based on the IPCC definition of vulnerability. The exposure to future climate was characterized using a moisture inde...
Article
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An increasing current through a superconductor can result in a discontinuous increase in the differential resistance at the critical current. This critical current is typically associated either with breaking of Cooper-pairs or with the onset of collective motion of vortices. Here we measure the current–voltage characteristics of superconducting fi...
Article
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The magnitude and ecological impact of climate change varies with latitude. Several recent models have shown that tropical ectotherms face the greatest risk from warming because they currently experience temperatures much closer to their physiological optimum than temperate taxa. Even a small increase in temperature may thus result in steep fitness...
Article
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The coincidence of flood flows in a mainstream and its tributaries may lead to catastrophic floods. In this paper, we investigated the flood coincidence risk under nonstationary conditions arising from climate changes. The coincidence probabilities considering flood occurrence dates and flood magnitudes were calculated using nonstationary multivari...
Article
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Climate warming and changing precipitation patterns have thermally (active layer deepening) and physically (permafrost-thaw related mass movements) disturbed permafrost-underlain watersheds across much of the Arctic, increasing the transfer of dissolved and particulate material from terrestrial to aquatic ecosystems. We examined the multiyear (2006...
Article
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Abstract We evaluate the Oyashio and Kuroshio fronts latitudinal transition under the projected climate change scenarios using eddy resolving regional ocean climate projection products from 1981 to 2100. The regional ocean climate projections are produced based on dynamical downscaling of four CMIP5 models and two RCP experiments RCP2.6 and RCP8.5....
Article
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Water temperature is critical for the ecology of lakes. However, the ability to predict its spatial and seasonal variation is constrained by the lack of a thermal classification system. Here we define lake thermal regions using objective analysis of seasonal surface temperature dynamics from satellite observations. Nine lake thermal regions are ide...
Article
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Peatlands are one of the most important ecosystems due to their biodiversity and abundant organic compounds; therefore, it is important to observe how different plant species in peatlands react to changing environmental conditions. Sphagnum spp. are the main component of peatlands and are considered as the creator of conditions favorable for carbon...
Article
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The Deliblato Sands Special Nature Reserve (DSSNR; Vojvodina, Serbia) is facing a fast successional process. Open sand steppe habitats, considered as regional biodiversity hotspots, have drastically decreased over the last 25 years. This study combines multi-temporal and –spectral remotely sensed data, in-situ sampling techniques and geospatial mod...
Article
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Projections of climate change are available at coarse scales (70–400 km). But agricultural and species models typically require finer scale climate data to model climate change impacts. Here, we present a global database of future climates developed by applying the delta method –a method for climate model bias correction. We performed a technical e...
Article
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Climate change is influencing the frequency and severity of extreme events. This means that systems are experiencing novel or altered disturbance regimes, making it difficult to predict and manage for this impact on ecosystems. While there is established theory regarding how the frequency of disturbance influences ecosystems, how this interacts wit...
Article
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Climate change ranks among the most important issues globally, affecting geographic distributions of vectors and pathogens, and inducing losses in livestock production among many other damaging effects. We characterized the potential geographic distribution of the ticks Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, an important vector of babesiosis and anap...
Article
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Abstract The world appears to be moving into a new era of international migration during which gaps between policies needed to manage migratory flows and those enacted in practice will widen. Whereas immigrants in the late 20th century were motivated by a desire to improve their wellbeing by accessing opportunities in richer countries, in the early...
Article
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Groundwater provides critical freshwater supply, particularly in dry regions where surface water availability is limited. Climate change impacts on GWS (groundwater storage) could affect the sustainability of freshwater resources. Here, we used a fully-coupled climate model to investigate GWS changes over seven critical aquifers identified as signi...
Article
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North Atlantic sea surface temperatures have large climate impacts affecting the weather of the Northern Hemisphere. In addition to a substantial warming over much of the North Atlantic, caused by increasing greenhouse gases over the 21st century, climate projections show a surprising region of considerable future cooling at midlatitudes, referred...
Article
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Countries generally agree that global greenhouse gas emissions are too high, but prefer other countries reduce emissions rather than reducing their own. The Paris Agreement is intended to solve this collective action problem, but is likely insufficient. One proposed solution is a matching-commitment agreement, through which countries can change eac...
Article
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This study takes a network perspective to examine the spatial spillover effects of haze pollution in Cheng-Yu urban agglomeration which is the fourth largest urban agglomeration and a comprehensive demonstration zone of new urbanization in China. Firstly, we use Granger causality test to construct haze pollution spatial association network, and the...
Article
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Climate change significantly affects geographic distribution of plants pests and diseases worldwide. Understanding the influence of future climate change on the suitable areas of Diaphorina citri (Kuwayama) in our country and taking timely countermeasures are crucial for improving the effectiveness of control of pest. Based on the occurrence points...
Article
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Coral reef ecosystems are among the first to fundamentally change in structure due to climate change, which leads to questioning of whether decades of knowledge regarding reef management is still applicable. Here we assess ecological responses to no-take marine reserves over two decades, spanning a major climate-driven coral bleaching event. Pre-bl...
Article
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The health of the natural environment has never been a greater concern, but attention to biodiversity loss is being eclipsed by the climate crisis. We argue that conservationists must seize the agenda to put biodiversity at the heart of climate policy. Gardner and colleagues argue that efforts to conserve biodiversity should capitalise on current m...
Article
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Climate changes significantly impact environmental and hydrological processes. Precipitation is one of the most significant climatic parameters and its variability and trends have great influences on environmental and socioeconomic development. We investigate the spatio-temporal variability of precipitation occurrence frequency, mean precipitation...
Article
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“Speak to the past and it shall teach thee”. I first read those words on a dedication tablet within the John Carter Brown library at Brown University where I was a graduate student. Little did I know the phrase would accurately describe the next three and a half decades of my career. Paleoclimate data are the language we use to look into the past t...
Article
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Climate predictions are only meaningful if the associated uncertainty is reliably estimated. A standard practice is to use an ensemble of climate model projections. The main drawbacks of this approach are the fact that there is no guarantee that the ensemble projections adequately sample the possible future climate conditions. Here, we suggest usin...
Article
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The article is devoted to the study of the activity values of natural radionuclides ??K, 232Th and 22?Ra and technogenic radionuclide 13?Cs in the bottom sediments of the Barents Sea, which is distinguished from the rest of the Arctic seas by the fact that the largest number of radiation objects are concentrated here. The activity levels of natural...
Article
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There is a well-established relationship between temperature and mortality, with older individuals being most at risk in high-income settings. This raises the question of the degree to which lives are being shortened by exposure to heat or cold. Years of life lost (YLL) take into account population life expectancy and age at which mortality occurs....
Article
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The shrinkage swelling phenomenon of clayey soils is affected by Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere (SVA) interactions and can cause severe structural damage to lightly loaded constructions such as residential buildings. A soil-atmosphere interaction method was primarily presented along with a coupled hydro-thermal soil model. This approach was established...
Article
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Resumen: La investigación educativa en torno a la educación ambiental y la ense?anza de las ciencias identifica diferencias en el conocimiento de mujeres y hombres sobre tópicos científicos y ambientales, siendo mayor el conocimiento declarado por ellos. Igualmente, las mujeres suelen percibir un mayor grado de riesgo ante eventos que conllevan pel...
Article
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Despite their heterogeneity, small island developing states (SIDS) are recognized as being particularly at risk to climate change, and, as they share numerous common traits, the United Nations recognizes them as a special group. SIDS have been quite vocal in calling attention to the challenges they face from climate change and advocating for greate...
Article
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This article reviews the present state of insects, describing their taxonomic position, cost, and value as well as the threats to their well-being. Insects are an important source of both ecosystem services and ecosystem disservices. Recent studies have indicated a worrying decline in insect species, especially in flying insects in the northern tem...
Article
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Celebrity advocacy for environmental causes has grown dramatically in recent decades. An examination of this expansion and the rise of causes such as climate change reveals the shifting politics and organization of advocacy. We address these changes to the construction and interpretation of celebrity advocacy and detail how they have produced a ric...
Article
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Presentación del número monográfico de la Revista Mexicana de Investigación Educativa sobre EDUCACIóN Y COMUNICACIóN PARA EL CAMBIO CLIMáTICO (RMIE, 2020, VOL. 25, NúM. 87, PP. 819-842 (ISSN: 14056666 ? ISSN-e: 25942271).
Article
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Orchidaceae is one of the largest families of flowering plants as well as one of the most threatened plants due to habitat destruction and climate change, but many of them are also threatened due to illegal harvesting for horticulture, cultural use, food and medicine. In this review paper, distribution of rare and threatened orchid species, trade r...
Article
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Climate change litigation has grown exponentially in the last decade, paralleled by the emergence of a rich legal and social sciences literature assessing these cases. Building on a recent review in WIRES Climate Change, this article evaluates the growth of this literature and the key themes it highlights. In 2019, climate litigation literature exp...
Book
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Este libro tiene seis secciones, tituladas con las temáticas de los simposios del 1er Congreso Manglares de América: Biodiversidad, áreas protegidas y áreas concesionadas, Etnobiología y saberes ancestrales, Manejo de recursos y manejo de desechos, Restauración y Cambio climático y Conservación de manglares en ciudades. Se seleccionaron trabajos ta...
Article
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A field experiment was carried out at ponnaniyar dam.mugavanur village, vaiyampati block of thiruchirallali district, Tamilnadu during the season of November 2016- April 2017 to assess the impact of climate change on tomato yield over thiruchirapalli district using AquaCrop model.seasonal maximum and minimum temperature over thiruchirapalli are pro...
Article
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Analyzing Facebook content produced by 289 global climate nonprofits from 18 countries, this study investigates these NGOs' framing of climate change. Of the three protest frames, diagnostic was most popular. Of the three aspects of climate change, including impact, action, and efficacy, action was used most frequently, while efficacy was the least...
Article
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Abstract: Actions in higher education to contribute to the mitigation of climate change have included elective courses to address the phenomenon. This article focuses on determining if any one of these educational options contributes to the construction of a social representation of the phenomenon among 51 university students. A questionnaire was u...
Article
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Fire is a common disturbance in boreal forests causing changes in biological diversity at various spatial scales. In the past 100 years, forest management has limited fire outbreaks, but in the future, the fire-affected forest area is expected to increase in many regions due to climate change. Burned forests are typically salvage-logged, but the ef...
Book
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Este libro nace de una preocupación compartida por muchos en la academia mexicana acerca del destino e influencia histórica que tendrá la presidencia de Donald Trump. Dado el poder actual de Estados Unidos, que aunque se encuentra en un proceso de declive relativo todavía es un actor global relativamente dominante, el impacto de la presidencia de T...