Asked 27th Jun, 2018
  • Khalsa College Amritsar

What are different variables in social sciences ?

i know about some of the variables like independent, dependent, moderator, intervening. Are there any other variables which affect the study.

Most recent answer

5th Jul, 2020
Alec Rushwaya
University of International Business and Economics
it depends,however i would suggest you include variables that have a track record (top journals) combined with your new innovations if any.

All Answers (5)

28th Jun, 2018
Virgilio Malagon
Universidad del Caribe (Dominican Republic)
3rd Jul, 2018
Emerson Abraham Jackson
University of Birmingham
It depends on what your research is focused on. There's the option of looking at social diversification, poverty, unemployment and many more. Most importantly, you would have to consider whether the research is to focus on qualitative or quantitative techniques.
7th Jul, 2018
Emmanuel Vijayanand Murray
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
Can broadly be classified into two streams, quantitative & qualitative. After that both these develop hundreds of branches,
Can you help by adding an answer?

Similar questions and discussions

Do you have your ORCID number, what do you think of it?
59 answers
  • Mohammed Aliyu-PaikoMohammed Aliyu-Paiko
Since I joined this forum following on the hot trails of discussions about publication, journal quality, impact factor and h-index, please permit me to start a new(?) round of discourse on ORCID.
As impact factor has since taken the world stage to be one of the key indices to evaluate the quality of a journal, just like Hirsch's h-index came to win over support as a measure of researchers quality (each not without its demerits), there is no gain saying that publishing quality papers and earning numerous citations have become target hallmarks of serious researchers. To achieve this noble objective therefore, the global scientific community is now inundated with all sorts of sharp practices; from reviewers "forcing" authors of new articles to cite their selected, previously published articles (obviously intent on influencing their h-index), to journal editors promoting citations of select articles on their list (to boost journal impact factor). The calculations of individual researcher's h-index is also currently plagued with another different kind of problem; identification of each researcher or contributor as unique and separate from every one else globally. This is the main reason of this write-up.
Those familiar with calculations of h-index would know that there are several soft-wares for doing this; some are free (like the one by Google scholar or Harzing's Publish or perish whereas others are commercially available (the one by scopus is a typical example). To use any of these web resources in calculating an individual researcher's h-index, all one needs is the names of the researcher of of interest, and that is where the problem is.
Names of authors on Journal articles are designed following western European pattern, such that the surname is first and all other names appear as initials. Thus, using examples of 2 Nigerians named in that pattern, it is typical to have a search for articles for Musa Salihu Aliyu and Moses Solomon Aliyu both turning up under Aliyu, MS. This means h-index scores could automatically and arbitrarily be jacked up in the number of articles and by extension, the citations of one researcher or contributor for another. This portends a notorious, even though non-deliberate attribute of misleading researchers into obtaining/claiming h-index scores which is not theirs, by coincidence of being blessed to share similar initials to another very hard-working individual. It may also under-declare the h-index score of the harder working researcher (and this has happened in real life). Enter ORCID!
After battling with this problem for quite some time, a group of smart researchers called themselves together, brainstormed and arrived at a very easy, low cost solution, for now. Open Researcher & Contributor ID (ORCID was launched on 15 October 2012, in Berlin Germany. ORCID allows researchers to obtain a persistent identifier that can be used to claim publications and other scholarly works. Just like each article has its DOI, each book has its ISBN and each journal its ISSN number, every researcher who registers is now given his own unique ORCID number (16-digit number combinations). Upon registering, articles published by researchers bearing similar initials are suggested and the researcher thus accepts and tags his/her articles automatically, while excluding others that do not belong to them (No 2 researchers with different ORCID Nos can claim the same paper). Contributions are tagged in various categories, including journal articles, books, book chapters, Magazine/newspaper articles, proceedings of conferences, monographs etc. For the contribution which does not show automatically, the researcher has the option of adding them manually, by either providing the link to where it is hosted online or to use the ISSN number or DOI as the case may be.
It is only about 8 months since ORCID was launched but it has received global acceptance. I am aware that over 90% of the Journals we publish in under Life sciences and BioMedical research now request for ORCID numbers before articles go into peer-review. Although optional now, but it is easy to predict that in not too distant future, ALL publishers will make the use of ORCID numbers by contributors mandatory. I have mine.
So, have you registered and do you have your ORCID number? What do you think of it?
If NOT, then you can easily get yours here:
Originally hosted on Nigerian Biomedical and Life Scientists forum

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