Discussion
Started 8th Aug, 2020

Is there a standard in code number of action research data analysis?

Hello everyone. I conducted a research with action research. I collected data with interviews, videos, recordings, documents and researcher diary during a year , 15 hours in a week. After collected my data, I analysed them. I found 74 codes for implementation stage (3 months data).
My question is, amount of 74 codes is too much? Is there any rule that amount of codes should be under 50?
Thank you in advance for sharing your ideas with me...

Most recent answer

11th Aug, 2020
Tajudeen Adebayo Sanni
Kabale University
Review your collected data again and check for similarities, if any, you may reduce it to fifty or bellow.

All replies (4)

9th Aug, 2020
Dean Whitehead
University of Tasmania
Damla - there are no specific rules - other than 'subjective' advice to keep the codes to as manageable amount as possible. Action research is a labour-intensive approach - and requires multiple resources to be in place. The more codes/cycles etc - the more difficult to achieve overall pragmatic outcomes.
9th Aug, 2020
Dr Manzoor Hussain
University of Kashmir
Damla Altin - I think the following steps may be helpful:
1) The code should be generic enough to apply to multiple comments, but specific enough to be useful in your analysis.
2) Avoid commonalities and having similar codes is okay as long as they serve different purposes.
3) Try to create codes that contrast with each other to track both the positive and negative elements of a topic separately.
4) Reduce data to a point. There are as many codes as there are responses, or each code applies to every single response. In both cases, the coding exercise is pointless. To make your analysis as useful as possible, try to find a balance between having too many and too few codes.
5) Make sure to group responses with the same themes under the same code, even if they don’t use the same exact wording.
Remember that having too many codes can make results ambiguous and themes can overlap.
10th Aug, 2020
Bahareh Torshizi
Not at all... as i see you are employing the qualitative methods, so you are absolutely free to follow whatever rule you prefer, or even create your own rules which is what makes a qualitative research more flexible to the conditions in which it is conducted. You can identify as many codes as you find. It is not limited to a specific number. However, the more you proceed the less the number of codes will become. As you begin to find the similarity in specific codes and categorise them according to them, the number reduces. For instance if you've identified 76 codes initially, the initial categories in which you fir your initial codes will be 30, and in the next stage it will probably reduces to 10 and so on... what is more important than the number of codes is avoiding to fit the irrelevant codes in a specific category just because you don't want to have many categories. Every pieces of data matters and should not be excluded if almost reliable results are expected to be drawn.
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