Question
Asked 24th Apr, 2020

How do you think the consequences of COVID-19 on the world will affect the achievement of the SDGs, in particular # 1,2,3,8 and 13?

Taking into account the latest worrying statements from world leaders (WHO, World Bank, ...) because of COVID-19, we can fear the worst for the world economy. The foreseeable consequences on health and social life are looking grim. Perhaps, we should be skeptical about achieving the SDGs and/or, without defeatism, worried about the loss of acquired...
Below some useful links relating to the issue:

Most recent answer

24th Aug, 2020
Viswanathan P K
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, India
Hi Emerson Abraham Jackson, I too agree with your viewpoint that achieving SDGs must be reconsidered with a new time-frame, say 2040, instead of 2030, in view of the massive adversities caused by the pandemic Covid-19. An interim review of the status of SDGs may be undertaken by the UN immediately after the pandemic situation is subsided, wherein, the need for and feasibility of extending the time-frame can be fixed taking into consideration of the concerned views of the most worst affected countries as well as the poorest economies. It's all the more important for all countries to scale up investments for achieving the most important goals within the new time-frame set, following the discussions and deliberations.
1 Recommendation

Popular Answers (1)

6th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Hi Endashaw Workie ! It is true that the measures adopted worldwide to prevent the spread of the Corona virus have already had positive effects on the atmosphere. However, I wonder how long this situation will last when these containment measures are lifted. Thank you for contributing to the answer I was looking for.
4 Recommendations

All Answers (55)

25th Apr, 2020
Stephen I. Ternyik
Techno-Logos, Inc., since 1985
Globalization as we know it, since the end of the cold war (1989/1990), will be buried by this global health crisis and the related collective paranoia.
Sustainability, in terms of global processes, needs macro-prudent monetary reform:
3 Recommendations
25th Apr, 2020
Emmanuel Vijayanand Murray
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development
They will speed up implementation and achievement.
1 Recommendation
26th Apr, 2020
Abhijit Mitra
University of Calcutta
Today the greatest threat on the planet Earth is the invasion by the tiny particle causing Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19). Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus usually experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special and very advanced treatment. Older people and those having medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. One of the best practices to stay safe from infection is by washing hands or using an alcohol based rub (sanitizer) frequently without touching the face.
The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it is important to practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).
COVID-19 is transmitted via airborne droplets. Therefore, reducing the effective population density in public meeting places is the basic rationale behind the quarantine strategy favored by most countries responding to the outbreak. But as more and more people live in crowded cities, it becomes harder to control a pathogen that takes days to manifest.
COVID-19 is expected to seriously scratch the world economic profile. The global economy could shrink by up to 1 per cent in 2020 due to the corona virus pandemic, a reversal from the previous forecast of 2.5 per cent growth. The analysis by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) revealed that the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted global supply chains and International trade (https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/topic/World-Economic-Forecasting-Model). The tourism sector is facing the worst crisis and the associated block like transportation has almost crashed.
The industries hardest hit by COVID-19, including commercial aerospace, travel, oil and gas, apparel/fashion/luxury and insurance, may get a slower recovery, though recovery may be quicker for domestic travel. The crisis has also amplified existing challenges or vulnerabilities in the aerospace and automotive industries, which is expected to affect their recovery rates.
Millions of workers all over the world are facing the bleak prospect of losing their jobs. Governments are considering and rolling out large stimulus packages to avert a sharp downturn of their economies which could potentially plunge the global economy into a deep recession as the packages are likely to be pumped from the monetary reservoir of the Nation to keep the existing socio-economic structure floating in the midst of the disaster.
The education sector is also oscillating pan world basis as the COVID-19 pandemic is first and foremost a health crisis and maintaining absolute solidarity is a dream in educational institutions. Many countries have (rightly) decided to close schools, colleges and universities. The crisis crystallizes the dilemma between the policymakers who are facing the problem of closing schools (reducing contact and saving lives) and on the other hand keeping them open (allowing workers to work and maintain the economy). The severe short-term disruption is felt by many families around the world. Home schooling is not only a massive shock to parents’ productivity, but also to children’s social life and learning. Teaching is moving online, on an untested and unprecedented scale. Student assessments are also moving online, with a lot of trial and error and uncertainty for everyone. Many assessments have simply been cancelled. Importantly, these interruptions will not just be a short-term issue, but can also have long-term consequences for the affected cohorts and are likely to increase inequality.
At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments.
Fresh air is the best ventilator and can serve as a unique natural remedial measure. The testament to that is not from COVID-19, but from SARS. A relevant case study to support this statement is the outbreak of SARS during 2003 in Vietnam. It was observed that there were deaths and extensive transmission in hospital having closed air condition system. On contrary, in a hospital with spacious rooms, high ceilings, ceiling fans and large windows kept open for cross-ventilation, there were no cases of transmission [1]. There were other factors, but the evidence suggests the ventilation may have a key role in combating the situation. This is the bottom line story that emerged from the 2003 SARS outbreak in Vietnam. The virus spreads easily indoors, not just by coughing but through breathing and conversation and hence proper ventilation is important to get rid of the rapid transmission. “According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the virus spreads from person to person when people are within about 6 feet of each other" through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Thus if a person spends time in spacious room with open doors and windows, the breeze will likely to disperse it and the probability of infection will reduce [2]. Air conditioned rooms have high probability of transmission compared to open spacious rooms where there is sufficient ventilation. The moral coming out from this discussion is to stay inside with open windows and not to congregate so that the air can disperse the germ. However, it is necessary to check the air quality as poor quality of air with GHGs and SPM may give rise to several other health problems, which may aggravate the infection. On this background, a study was conducted to scan the air quality change during the lockdown phase of COVID-19 in the city of Kolkata (India) on 2nd April, 2020 and compare the same with the data of April, 2019, when the COVID -19 outbreak was not visualized. We monitored 12 sites in the city during both the survey periods (Table 1) and used atmospheric carbon dioxide level (in ppm) as proxy to air quality.
1 Recommendation
26th Apr, 2020
Moritz von Cossel
University of Hohenheim
I don't know how the consequences of COVID19 on the world will affect the SDGs you mentioned, but I am sure they will soon be dwarfed by the consequences of climate change, because I believe that there will be no vaccine against global warming that will suddenly normalize the climate.
2 Recommendations
26th Apr, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Thank you Mr. Stephen I. Ternyik for your answer and for sharing the poster!
3 Recommendations
26th Apr, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Thank you Mr. Emmanuel Vijayanand Murray ! You are very optimistic. Owing to the fact the post-crisis seems not for tomorrow and, the near future seems worrying, I am skeptical about the means.
3 Recommendations
26th Apr, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Thank you Dr Abhijit Mitra for all the information you shared about COVID-19!
3 Recommendations
26th Apr, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Dr Moritz von Cossel, I share your view! This is very likely because climate change is a reality which COVID-19 cannot limit the effects. On the contrary, the world risks losing the mitigation efforts made so far.
3 Recommendations
26th Apr, 2020
Evens Emmanuel
Université Quisqueya
Les Objectifs de développement durable à l'heure du coronavirus
Département de la communication globale
Il partage l’action de l’ONU aux quatre coins du monde, à l’aide de plateformes numériques ou traditionnelles.26 mars 2020 — La pandémie de COVID-19 est une épreuve pour l’humanité. Mais elle lui donne aussi l’occasion de se montrer solidaire et de transformer cette crise en un élan planétaire pour atteindre les Objectifs de développement durable d’ici 2030.??Nous devons nous assurer que les le?ons sont retenues et que cette crise représente un tournant décisif pour la préparation aux urgences sanitaires et pour l'investissement dans les services publics essentiels du XXIème siècle??, a récemment plaidé le Secrétaire général de l’ONU, António Guterres.??Nous ne pouvons pas nous permettre de perdre les acquis obtenus par le biais des investissements dans l'action humanitaire et des Objectifs de développement durable??, a-t-il insisté mercredi en présentant un plan de réponse humanitaire mondial, destiné à combattre la maladie dans les pays les plus vulnérables. Une fa?on de rappeler que ces objectifs et la lutte contre le nouveau coronavirus sont intimement liés. https://www.un.org/fr/coronavirus-covid-19-fr/les-objectifs-de-d%C3%A9veloppement-durable-%C3%A0-l%E2%80%99heure-du-coronavirus
2 Recommendations
26th Apr, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Very useful links, thank you for sharing Dr Ijaz Durrani!
2 Recommendations
27th Apr, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Merci Professeur Evens Emmanuel !
J'ai pris le soin de parcourir rapidement la publication des Nations-unies sur les ODD dans le contexte du COVID-19 que vous avez eu l'amabilité de partager avec moi. C'est en effet une opportunité pour le monde de se solidariser autour de la réponse aux ODD. Plus que jamais, la décennie (2020-2030) est décisive et devra marquer l'action.
L'action c'est à partir de maintenant ! Cependant, le monde, l'Occident qui regroupe les plus grands donateurs des Nations-unies, est à genoux, en train de concentrer toute son énergie pour se battre contre la pandémie. Ainsi, les ODD ne font pas partis des priorités de l’heure.
En ce sens, il est de bon ton que Mr. Guterres considère l'atteinte des ODD et la lutte contre le nouveau Corona virus comme intimement liés. Pourtant, si pour le premier objectif (ODD1), le Secrétaire appelle à ce que l'après-crise ne se fasse "sur le dos des plus pauvres" pour ne pas "créer une légion de nouveaux pauvres", il ne fait qu'encourager au respect des promesse pour l'objectif 13 (ODD13) en faisant référence à l'Accord de Paris sur les Changements Climatiques alors que pour tous les pays, les données ne seront plus les mêmes.
Probablement quelque chose de plus concret viendra dans les prochains mois pour ce qui concerne la lutte contre les effets des changements climatiques (ODD13). Comme l'a mentionné Dr Moritz von Cossel
dans sa réponse à ma question, les conséquences de COVID-19 sur le monde seront peu, comparés à ceux des changements climatiques, si on baisse les bras par rapport à la réponse, ajouterais-je.
3 Recommendations
27th Apr, 2020
A. Kettab
Université de Bouira
La réalisation des ODD dépend des pays. Il y a des pays qui ont déjà réussi les ODD. Il y des pays qui sont loin de la réalisation.
Bien s?r la pandemie retardera la réalisation des ODD.
1 Recommendation
27th Apr, 2020
Ap Nepal
Nepal Agricultural Research Council
The post COVID-19 world would be affected negatively and no single country will remain economically fine. The countries, which are not self sufficient on their food production, those countries may highly suffering and negatively hit on achievement of SDGs specifically in # 1,2,3,8 and 13. People in developing countries will be most affected by hunger, malnutrition and poverty. To overcome the situation, national and international support should be focused on sustainable food production to make the countries self sufficient on food security with climate resilience agriculture system.
1 Recommendation
27th Apr, 2020
Benedict Tuffuor
Training, Research and Networking for Development (TREND)
My personal view is that, in the short to medium term quite some chunk of the resources that could be available for investments to address SDGs will be allocated to addressing Covid-19 challenges. So it will cause a general slow pace of development. the impact in low income countries may largely be adversely huge.
2 Recommendations
27th Apr, 2020
Dipak Pant
LIUC Italy - University of Trento Italy - SfAA USA
I am not sure that institutions, elites and media of the influential part of the world (EU, USA etc.) will change their attitude about people, planet and sustainability.
So far I have seen only half-hearted commitments and and lot of rhetorics.
The response to the pandemics has already been quite in disarry, not well-coordinated (not even within the European Union where every single country is going its own way, more or less in a selfish nationalistic manner).
I don't know what is going on in many other countries.
But I believe that almost all are in tactical mode, to fend off the trouble, to maintain their power and to overcome the critical period in some way without a long-term strategic thinking about reducing human vulnerability all over the planet through a well-coordinated action.
There is a lot of blame game going on (particularly between USA and China), a lot of conspiracy theories; and certainly the Chinese government is busy in their own propaganda and "generosity" to deflect the blame of their initial cover-up in the first crucial 3/4 weeks when they could have realy saved the situation by being transparent and quick.
The WHO has helped the Chinese government to deflect their initial cover-up.
I don't think that the governments and elites and media all over the world have learnt any lesson from the past and present.
I believe that human beings are not worth the label of 'Homo Sapiens'; actually, the human beings are 'Homo Demens'.
1 Recommendation
28th Apr, 2020
Emmanuel Adugu
University of the West Indies at Cave Hill, Barbados
We need to pay attention to climate change, de-carbonize, build our economies on clean-energy and promote renewable energy infrastructure. This is the time to raise the much-needed awareness to avoid future disruption.
3 Recommendations
28th Apr, 2020
Apurba Kumar Chattopadhyay
Visva Bharati University
The COVID-19 pandemic when it stops causing concern the way it is doing now globally will no doubt affect adversely SDGs #1, 2, 3, & 8 and the achievements of goals will be delayed. However, so far as SDG # 13 is concerned, which deals with climate action, I think it will get a boost in the post-COBID-19 scenario.
2 Recommendations
29th Apr, 2020
Endashaw Workie
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Ammcise Apply Covid 19 can have direct and huge consequences on SDG 3, 1, and 2, respectively while indirectly affect climate change. Since these goals (3,1 and 2) are intra-related than with climate change. on the other hand, as there is almost mute in industries and factories & very less movement of vehicles throughout the world, Covid 19 may come up with a moderate atmospheric situation.
1 Recommendation
30th Apr, 2020
Emmanuel Mwangomo
Mbeya University of Science and Technology
SDGs will be affected because world production have been decreased and economy is at danger zone. If there is no production, no income then nothing can be done.
2 Recommendations
2nd May, 2020
Daphnee Michel
Université Quisqueya
Dear Colleague,
I prefer to classify the consequences of Covid 19 into short-term and long-term consequences.
For objectives 1, 2, 3 and 8, there will be a humanitarian crisis at the start and the allocation of almost all objectives 1, 2 ......, 6 .... but we must also see that the covid calls us to live together for the well-being of all. It is therefore imperative that those responsible can see the future in a different way.
2 Recommendations
3rd May, 2020
Daphnee Michel
Université Quisqueya
Daphnee Michel
Dear Colleague, I prefer to classify the consequences of Covid 19 into short-term and long-term consequences. For objectives 1, 2, 3 and 8, there will be a humanitarian crisis at the start and the allocation of almost all objectives 1, 2 ......, 6 .... but we must also see that the covid calls us to live together for the well-being of all. It is therefore imperative that those responsible can see the future in a different way.
1 Recommendation
3rd May, 2020
A. Kettab
Université de Bouira
Les ODD seront affectés à différents degrés et il faudra comparer les différents résultats.
1 Recommendation
3rd May, 2020
A. Kettab
Université de Bouira
Sur l'ODD santé par exemple, il est clair que les résultats sont catastrophiques.
1 Recommendation
4th May, 2020
Joan Nyika
The Technical University of Kenya
Of course the effect is negative especially in developing countries. This is because many people will loose jobs, which are their tickets to decent work, livelihoods to fed themselves and their dependants with basic needs including food and good healthcare. Additionally, these countries are grappling with other challenges including unemployment, increased poverty and illiteracy, the invasion by pests such as locusts, tropical diseases such as malaria and floods/cyclones. The frequency of these accelerating factors have been worsened by climate change which is the most potent environmental challenge of modern day.
3 Recommendations
5th May, 2020
A. Kettab
Université de Bouira
Plusieurs ODD ont pris du retard dans leurs applications.
1 Recommendation
6th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
I am totally agree Emmanuel Adugu , thank for replying.
2 Recommendations
6th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Professor Apurba Kumar Chattopadhyay thank you for answering. Would you please explain what will favor this boost?
3 Recommendations
6th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Hi Endashaw Workie ! It is true that the measures adopted worldwide to prevent the spread of the Corona virus have already had positive effects on the atmosphere. However, I wonder how long this situation will last when these containment measures are lifted. Thank you for contributing to the answer I was looking for.
4 Recommendations
6th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Thank you Mr. Emmanuel Mwangomo ! You are right: no production, no income then nothing can be done.
3 Recommendations
6th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Dear Daphnee Michel , thank you for answering! I agree with your view. Definitely, we should see the future in a different way!
3 Recommendations
6th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Thank you for your answer Professor Joan Nyika ! It is to expect that the negative consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on the SDGs will hit more severely the developing countries. As a result, achieving the SDGs is more deadlocked for these countries.
4 Recommendations
6th May, 2020
Peter B. Oyedele
West African Science 顺心彩票 Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use (WASCAL): Climate Change and Disaster Risk Management
It will definitely affect goal 8 in a more negative way! In fact, many companies and industries such as the Banking sector are already laying off their workers. People will no longer have access to a decent job and in the long run, it will be difficult for them to feed themselves and the entire household (Goal 2). Also, the may plunge si=uch individual or group of individuals into abject poverty (Goal 1). This is complex and bizzare. May we all collectively see the end of this challenging period.
1 Recommendation
6th May, 2020
A. Kettab
Université de Bouira
L'objectif 06 est très important
1 Recommendation
16th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
En effet Dr A. Kettab , le probleme de l'Eau et de l'Assainissement est crucial (Ref:ODD#6). En 2017, un rapport des Nations-unies attirait l'attention sur le fait que "Les pays n'augmentent pas assez rapidement leurs investissements pour atteindre les cibles en matière d'eau et d'assainissement dans le cadre des Objectifs de développement durable (ODD)."
4 Recommendations
16th May, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Thank you for your clarification Dr Peter B. Oyedele!
3 Recommendations
16th May, 2020
Viswanathan P K
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, India
I feel that the impacts of COVID-19 will be much beyond the imaginations across the world. Primarily, it would not have been possible to visualise such a mammoth of the problems caused by the pandemic, so as to incorporate them into the Sustainability Agenda 2030 designed by the UN. Hence, the level of achievement of the important goals, such as No Poverty (SDG1), Zero Hunger (SDG2), Good Health and Well-being (SDG3), Decent work and Economic Growth (SDG8) and Climate Action (SDG13) would be far from satisfactory, as I feel. Given that even the richest countries of the world could not effectively control the pandemic, the poorer nations will be at a huge disadvantage, as they are lagging behind in accomplishing most of the SDGs. In the light of the varied experiences and lessons learnt from the Covid-19 across the globe, the UN and other concerned global and national agencies may have to redefine timelines set for meeting the sustainability agenda.
1 Recommendation
18th May, 2020
A. Kettab
Université de Bouira
Dear Ammcise
Je pense qu'on peut se consacrer à ODD6.
Je prépare actuellement un un papier sur ODD 6 en Méditerranée.
Peut-être pourrions échanger plus?
2 Recommendations
3rd Jun, 2020
Osman Gulseven
Middle East Technical University
We did a big brainstorming on this field.
Here is the Abstract:
Abstract
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to achieve sustainable development for the service of all humanity. These 17 goals are adopted in 2015 by the member states to support many aspects of human development while addressing environmental issues. The SDGs rely on the partnerships of all member countries for the success of these goals. However, the recent COVID-19 pandemic has radically transformed the current state of global development. In this article, we analyze how the current pandemic is affecting the achievements of SDGs. We argue that while the deteriorating economic conditions will negatively affect most aspects of development, we might also observe some positive developments in the long term.
4 Recommendations
3rd Jun, 2020
Viswanathan P K
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, India
Prof. Osman Gulseven, In the light of these disquieting trends, it may be highly important for all countries, irrespective of being developed or otherwise, to take serious measures to address the likely deficiencies in the achievement of the SDGs by 2030. Prior to doing this, it may also be important to make an interim review of the status of achievement of SDGs across countries and redefine the SDG targets, if need be, in the light of the devastating Covid-19 impacts. In the absence of such an attempt, it is also possible that most of the developing and the poorest countries which are seriously affected by the pandemic crisis, may consider this as an excuse for meeting the stipulated SDG targets within the time-frame. The emerging scenario also raises important questions, as to: "Whether all the SDG Targets are realistic and achievable by 2030"?.
3 Recommendations
9th Jun, 2020
Dariusz Prokopowicz
Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw
More and more data confirm the thesis that the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (causing Covid-19 disease) increased people's interest in sustainability, human role in nature, sustainable development, ecology, green economy, circular economy, environmental protection of natural ecosystems, biodiversity protection etc. Indirectly, the interest and need for the development of energy based on renewable energy sources may also have increased indirectly. Unfortunately, however, it is difficult to accurately measure the impact of the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic on green energy development, correlation analysis, and precise dependence estimation. It would require careful analysis of large data sets using Big Data Analytics analytical platforms. In view of the above, the following issue arises for scientific consideration and research: Can the SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus be interpreted as a message sent by nature to man, that man is only one of millions of species of life on Earth still functioning on planet Earth. Man is only one species, an intelligent life form created on Earth several hundred thousand years ago, while millions of other species, life forms have functioned on planet Earth in biological balance for many millions of years. Many forms of life, including ecologically cooperating forms of flora, fauna, fungi and microbes functioned in the balance of natural ecosystems. The perfect balance of natural ecosystems has evolved over millions of years. Occurring outbreaks occasionally caused by certain microorganisms remind man that he is only one of many life forms on the planet Earth. In addition, such events force the most intelligent form of life on Earth, i.e. man, to think about how small man is against the forces and laws of nature that occur on planet Earth. When the current SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic significantly expires in a few weeks or months, the questions remain: How should you interpret, read these types of cataclysms, which may perhaps be repeated in the future? What should a man do? What should he change in his relations with nature to increase the scale of balance that has been shaken due to the expansive development of civilization? In connection with the above, the current SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic and the increasing scale of negative effects of climate change (record-high drought and forest fires in 2020) will increase awareness of the role, significance and need to increase the scale of implementation of sustainable, pro-ecological development for various economic processes in individual countries and on a global scale. It is also necessary to increase international cooperation in order to increase the scale of coordination of activities to carry out the necessary pro-ecological reforms, e.g. in the energy sector through the development of renewable energy sources, reduction of environmental pollution, improvement of nature protection systems and other elements of sustainable, pro-ecological development carried out according to the concept of green economy / circular economy. In my opinion, the current SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus pandemic and the increasing scale of the negative effects of climate change (record-high historically drought and forest fires in 2020) will significantly increase awareness of the role, importance and need to increase the scale of implementation of sustainable, pro-ecological development in various processes economic in individual countries and on a global scale. I believe that a pandemic will increase the scale of achieving sustainable development goals in many respects.
Greetings,
Dariusz Prokopowicz
3 Recommendations
9th Jun, 2020
Dipak Pant
LIUC Italy - University of Trento Italy - SfAA USA
Don't take too seriously the actual leadership of national and international organizations. They are merely doing the lip service, as they have been doing in the past few years even before the pandemics.
And, don't believe that common ambitious middle class of the world (borghesia compradora) is really serious about 'sustainability' which demands a very long-term, value-ladden and bio-cosmic solidariety thinking.
As long as the basic architecture of economic-financial activities remain the same, where 'growth' is a condition sine qua non to remain floating, no country will ever move to a sustainable system.
As long as the upward social mobility means the increased ability to purchase and haord material possessions,, to sustain one's own and country's economic 'growth', no positive change will occur in any society.
The technological innovations (renewables and other sustainability-inducing measures) are important achievements. But their progress will be in vain if inserted in the same race to over all 'growth' of economic output.
We need an entirely different policy architecture for economy and finance.
I have some half-baked ideas regarding that. Please, find a very smart and open-minded mathematician or econometician who is willing to collaborate with a wandering ("hippy") professor of Anthropology and Economics. Perhaps, we may try to work out something practically useful.
Best regards.
2 Recommendations
10th Jun, 2020
Viswanathan P K
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, India
Will and How the COVID-19 Crisis affect the UN SDGs?
Prima facie, it looks that the Covid-19 will affect the progress of actions all over the world in achieving most of the SDGs, especially, SDGs 1,2,3, 8 and 13. Please see the attached figure, to have a better view of how Covid-19 is likely to impact all the SDGs. This is explained in a recent UN Report
To give a backdrop, under the UN Sustainability Agenda 2030, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to achieve sustainable development for the service of all humanity. The 17 goals are adopted in 2015 to be achieved by 2030 by all member states to cover many aspects of human development while addressing the environmental issues.
The successful achievement of SDGs rely on climate actions (SDG 13) and partnerships (SDG17) of all member countries. However, the recent COVID-19 pandemic has radically transformed the current state of global development. It is being argued that while the deteriorating economic conditions will negatively affect most aspects of development, we have to wait long to achieve many of the listed SDGs.
In line with its SDG commitments, the governments’ immediate goal should be to facilitate the re-employment of workers (SDG8), feed those who lost their sources of income (SDG2) and strengthen healthcare and provide medical support (SDG3) Poverty (SDG1) will take a hit and so will the quality of education (SDG4) in the short run.
Other SD goals needing immediate attention are water and sanitation (SDG6), reduced inequalities (SDG10) and peace, justice and strong institutions (SDG16).
One should not be too surprised if our post-pandemic SDG review would reveal that: “it has not only devastated the economy, but also wiped out many of the SDG gains for many countries, especially, the poor ones”!
2 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Professor Viswanathan P K I agree with your analysis! You should launch a discussion on ResearchGate around your question. In my opinion, it becomes imperative that the status of achievement of SDGs be evaluated across countries in order to redefine the targets, if necessary.
3 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2020
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Université Quisqueya
Thank you so much Professor Dariusz Prokopowicz for all that information!
3 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Professor Dipak Pant , I understand your view, thank you for your contribution!
3 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2020
Ammcise Apply
Université Quisqueya
Very useful Prof Osman Gulseven , thank you for sharing!
4 Recommendations
17th Jul, 2020
Viswanathan P K
Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, India
Thank you Dr Ammcise Apply for your views on my reflections. Iam open to start the discussions and opinion making.
1 Recommendation
17th Jul, 2020
A. Kettab
Université de Bouira
Dear Ammcise
already before the coronavirus, the SDGs (ODD) were not achieved for many countries. With this pandemic, the situation is even worse. but everything can be made up.
Dear Ammcise, I mean everything can catch up ....!?
4 Recommendations
25th Jul, 2020
Harasit Kumar Paul
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University
Please have a look at the link below:
1 Recommendation
28th Jul, 2020
Badar Latif
Universiti Putra Malaysia
In developed & developing countries, the pandemic is an unprecedented wake-up call, exposing precisely the failures that are addressed in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development!
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24th Aug, 2020
Emerson Abraham Jackson
University of Birmingham
It us unlikely the set time frame fir the achi of SDG in the year 2030 will go ahead. This is due to plethora of reasons that COVID19 has brought to the world economy.
Currently poverty is reigning in on account of the unplanned budget that economies are having to put up with in combatting the spread of the disease. Business are having to shut down, while supply-chain was almost at a halt on account of taming the spread of the disease. Equally, medical supplies are in short supply due to the unexpected shock and widespread of COVID19 to economies' budgets.
There is huge worries to decent well-being and economic growth (SDG5) on account of the closure of economic activities in the past months and the sluggish reopening I feel business activities again. Economies are facing recession, with worries of depression looming.
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Similar questions and discussions

What is the role of biodiversity in the natural environment?
Discussion
554 replies
  • Dariusz ProkopowiczDariusz Prokopowicz
Biodiversity is a very important issue in the context of the analysis of ecology, sustainable development and the protection of the natural environment, including, above all, the natural sites of biologically deposited ecosystems, ie those characterized by high biodiversity.
Maintaining biodiversity of natural ecosystems is one of the most important problems and tasks for people in the 21st century.
I invite you to discuss this important topic
Biodiversity consists in the cooperation of a few species of plants, animals, fungi, bacteria and possibly other microorganisms. For example, in natural tropical rainforests there is a lot of biodiversity, because in this forest there are many species of plants, animals, fungi and bacteria next to each other.
Biodiversity is the largest unique, unique, difficult to reproduce, unique value of natural, complex biological ecosystems. An example is the tropical forest in the Amazon.
What needs to be done to reduce the devastation of the Amazon rainforests, which are characterized by high biodiversity and are therefore a unique, biological richness of the natural ecosystem on Earth?
The Amazon rainforest is the largest complex of the natural forest ecosystem producing 60% oxygen on Earth, these are the lungs of the planet Earth.
In addition, it is a natural complex of forest ecosystem with rich biodiversity.
In these Amazonian ecosystems there are still many, millions of species of flora and fauna that have not yet been fully discovered or described.
The scale of felling and thinning stands in the Amazon's forest is so large that every day the scale of this unique biodiversity decreases and many species of living organisms cease to exist.
Human civilization in this way destroys one of the greatest achievements in the development of life, the evolution of ecosystems on Earth.
This is a very serious problem to solve in the 21st century.
Do you agree with my opinion on this matter?
In view of the above, I am asking you the following question:
What is the role of biodiversity in the natural environment?
What needs to be done to reduce the devastation of the Amazon rainforests, which are characterized by high biodiversity and are therefore a unique, biological richness of the natural ecosystem on Earth?
Please reply
I invite you to discussion
Best wishes
Is it time we shift emphasis from technological solutions to climate change & focus on the 'Human Dimension'?
Question
4527 answers
  • Raveendra Nath YasarapuRaveendra Nath Yasarapu
Isn't the obvious solution and the elephant-in-the-room 'BETTER HUMAN BEINGS'? Shouldn't the focus be on better human beings rather than better technology? Why is it that everyone wants to develop better technology rather than focus on better humanity? Because no one has the answers and no one wants to change themselves? In environmental degradation, is it not obvious that nature can heal itself, if only left alone, and it is we humans who need regulation? Many natural parks managers do just that; seal off the area from human?interference?to let nature heal and recover. It is classified as 'Strict Nature Reserve"by IUCN. Complacency and inaction are not advocated here, as many have misunderstood, but the shifting of focus from technology to the human being. As technology is no match for?human?greed, isn't introspection?& restraining ourselves more relevant than developing more technology, which caused the mess in the first place, by making it easy for?a few to consume more? Since technology is only a short term quick fix which fails after a short time, isn't the real?problem our addiction to material consumption & our?lack of understanding about human nature??Isn't developing more technology sustaining the addiction instead of correcting it, leading to more complex problems later on, needing more complex technological quick fixes like higher drug dosages, more ground troops & equipment, (along with their debilitating side effects) in the future? Isn't this the vicious addiction circle we are trapped in? As researchers, do we merely buy more time with technology OR go to the very root of the problem, the human being?
A lot of hue and cry is made about climate change and the environment in general. Public and private money is poured into research to study its effects on the environment, sustainability etc. Should we study nature or ourselves?
" Our studies must begin with our selves and not with the heavens. "-Ouspensky
Human activities have been found to have a direct correlation to climate change and its impact on the environment(I=P x A x T, the Ehrlich and Holdren equation), in spite of what some complacent sections say to protect their own self interests.
We hardly know about Human nature. We can scarcely predict human behavior. We need to find out why we think like we do and why we do what we do and why, in spite of all knowledge and wisdom, consume more than what we need, in the form of addictions to consumption and imbalance not only ourselves but also the family, society and environment around us..
Humanity is directly responsible for all the unnatural imbalances occurring on the planet. Yet we refuse to take responsibility and instead focus on climate change, or fool the public exchequer with a 'breakthrough in renewable energy just around the corner'. We scarcely know what drives human beings. If we had known, all the imbalances around us would have had solutions by now, given the amount of money plowed into finding such solutions. Are we blindly groping in the dark of climate change because we don't know the answers to our own nature?
Is it not high time we focus on what makes us human, correct our consumptive behavior and leave nature to take care of climate change? Why focus effort on 'externals' when the problem is 'internal'- 'me'?
Aren't we addicts denying our addiction and blaming everything else but ourselves?
" We are what we Think.
All that we are arises with our thoughts.
With our thoughts, we make the world." - Buddha?
IMHO, We don't need to save the World. It is enough if we save ourselves from ourselves. The need of the hour is not vain glorious interventions, but self-restraint and self-correction!
The Mind is the Final frontier.

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